Pension reform: which sectors are most at risk?

modified: 2022-12-19 20:05:03

The government intends to remove the access of new employees to some special schemes. What about pension reform?

  Pension reform: which sectors are most at risk?

Pension reform for next summer a scité de vives discussions , especially with regard to special diets. Since the Minister of Labour, Olivier Dussopt raised this problem in mid-October, the social partners, did not fail to react . Each party defends a legitimate reason in affront with the other. Which are the most injured in this pension reform ? Details in this article.

Who are the pensioners of the special schemes?

Special diets represent the 4th block of Social Security . It includes three categories:

  • The civil service system: the national police, the military
  • The regime for companies and public bodies: SNCF, EDF, RATP, GDP
  • Other professions: Banque de France, notary clerks, French comedy, Paris Opera, sailors, etc.

Special diets have their own rules of organization and operation. Some insure the risk of illness, accidents at work, illness, old age, etc. Some offer the possibility of retiring before the legal retirement age . Some insured persons may even benefit from a shorter contribution period, but in still getting a full pension .

His advantages are justified by particular constraints (on-call, night shifts, security constraints, etc.). But we must not forget that special diets are expensive: nearly 5 billion euros in deficit each year. For a long time the state had to restore this budget balance itself .

This is the main reason that drives Olivier Dussopt, Minister of Labour, Employment and Integration of France to “remove access to its special schemes, which cover various social risks, or only pension affiliation” .

However, the reform does not include civil servants' scheme .

“The scheme for sailors will not be affected, as will in particular those for dancers at the Paris Opera and the Comédie Française, for whom the retirement age is low, because they concern very specific trades which wear out the bodies,” added Olivier Dussopt.

Gradual abolition of special diets

On October 9, Olivier Dussopt explained how this reform would take shape . In the 'Journal du Dimanche', he said that the changes to come will be based on 'a progressive method towards standardization as we did for the SNCF' .

During this interview, he explains that this will not affect acquired rights current beneficiaries of the old scheme. Some special schemes will be abolished, but Olivier Dussopt stressed that 'the reform will only concern new employees'.

It's application of the “grandfather clause” . Clearly, this measure will only take effect in about forty years, when the new employees will be retired in turn .

Pension reform: angry unions

The unions of electricians and gas workers as well as those of the RATP, blame the blow.

“It is irresponsible on the part of the government to consider attacking the special regimes after the unprecedented mobilization that we have experienced in recent weeks! exclaimed the national secretary CFE-Unsa energies for EDF, Amélie Henri.

She pointed out that it was not the time to provoke the employees in this way .

'The priority is that the employees can concentrate on the production tool and the restarting of the units to ensure the passage of winter', she strongly affirmed.

Bring up this topic could affect their efforts , in the midst of an energy crisis. Amélie Henri explains that the government should not be so obsessed with the special regimes which “incidentally, are not loss-making”.

The federal secretary of the FNME-CGT, Julien Lambert supported these words when he says:

“Today, it is inadmissible to touch on this file of pension plans, especially in a period when we must rather focus on the choices of energy sovereignty, on the question of purchasing power”.

Fabrice Coudour, federal secretary of the FNME-CGT in Savoie, hydraulic engineer within the EDF group, warned that the announcement of this measure does not bode well .

“If we attack our regimes, like all the special regimes, it is very clear that the electricians and gas workers will not let it pass without mobilization, and the CGT will largely support them,” he says.

Source :